The male gender role, relative to the female gender role, is widely conceptualized as a status that is difficult to earn, easy to lose, and must be proved continually via public, risky action. We refer to this set of conditions as precarious manhood, and our research examines its implications across several domains. Some of our current projects focus on how precarious manhood shapes men’s occupational interests and contributes to dysfunctional workplace environments. Other projects explore how precarious manhood influences heterosexual relationship functioning and sexual satisfaction. We are also currently collaborating on several cross-cultural investigations of precarious manhood.